Preparing the pond for winter
You have built a pond, planted it with plants and settled there living inhabitants. All summer did observe a small world, with interest to discover something new… autumn has Come. Now we need to think about how to save water world in winter. Well, if the weather isn’t frosty, but if not? All you need to provide.
Prepare ponds for winter starts in the fall, in October. First of all, you need to thoroughly clean the ponds from organic debris (tree leaves, remains of plants, fish excrement, etc.). In winter because of low temperatures reduce the activity of bacteria that decompose these residues. The result is the siltation of the bottom, reduces the oxygen content in the water and increases the content of nitrites and ammonia. Naturally, such changes can adversely affect the inhabitants of the lake, if not to destroy them. After cleaning of organic residues, it is necessary to trim the leaves and shoots to the very root. This applies primarily to plants – oxygenators. These include the water Crowfoot, hornwort, bolotnitsa, twrch, canadian Urrutia, lagarosiphon, tilea, rest and others. The leaves of these plants die off for the winter and if they advance not removed, they will rot and pollute the water. Not only cut the cane, through the hollow stems in winter will be given carbon dioxide to enter and oxygen to simulsays and plants.
Many aquatic plants “invented” a way to survive the winter cold. In autumn they formed buds that sink to the bottom and “sleep” there in the spring. If the pond is artificial, it is desirable to cut the plants these buds and transfer them to winter indoors. This stored the buds in the spring will sprout and turn into new plants. And do it faster than if left to overwinter in the pond.
If an artificial reservoir is shallow, there is always the risk that in the winter it will freeze to the bottom. In this case, superfluous to say that all plants and animals will die. Therefore, aquatic plants you probably need to migrate to a deeper pond or in a cool, nepronitsaemo the room. We must remember that transplanted plants have every year, and not all tolerate these manipulations. To minimize possible damage, you need to place plants in special water containers that are sold in specialty stores. This will help keep them at each transplant.
If you plan to leave the plants to overwinter in the pond (assuming that the water will not freeze), move them to the deepest part of it. They can stay in their seats, but on the condition that kidney growth until the surface of the water not less than half a meter. If the water from the pond for the winter have to be drained, you can plant plants in the ground. But then they must be covered. For example, water lilies asleep on top of the peat, and the top covered with leaves, sawdust or sand.
With the onset of autumn decrease the amount of food, focusing on protein foods. When times are cold fish not to be fed, they will begin to fend for himself.
Fish can overwinter in a native pond if the depth is not less than 1.5 m and the temperature at the bottom is not reduced below +5. Otherwise, the fish will spend the winter elsewhere.
For the winter in a pond you can put the aerator to inject oxygen for overwintering plants and fish. If you are worried that the inhabitants would freeze – install a special heater for ponds. Another option is to purchase a special protivochumnoe device with a pump. Thanks to the injection of water in the pond will be ice-free polynyas, through which will enter the oxygen and harmful gases out. You can install in the reservoir the light illuminated and then the water around it will not freeze. The easiest way to keep wormwood from salegenuine – regularly water it with boiling water. If the pond is still frozen, do not cut the ice with an axe. The shock wave can be bad for the fish. It is better to fill with boiling water the container and set it on the ice to become thinner.
Delicate ornamental fish survive the winter well in a large aquarium, if the natural reservoir is not suitable for wintering. The main thing is to ensure balanced conditions, otherwise the fish will hibernate or spring can be lost when its to return to his native pond.
A small pond with an area of up to 20m2, and a depth of 0.5-0.8 m in the winter typically freeze to the bottom. So all the fish and plants back in autumn you must move. The water pump and clean the bottom and sides. After cleaning, fill the reservoir in winter water more than halfway to the bottom was not going snow and ice that in spring would be a long time to melt. In extreme cold it is advisable to make the hole and pump some air, and formed a water pillow will protect the pond from completely freezing.
Having solved the problem of winter pond, start to conservation of reservoir. With the beginning of the leaf surface should be covered with fine mesh to prevent ingress of debris. With the onset of frost the mesh must be removed, otherwise it will freeze and break. Drop in the pond a few wooden planks and rubber balls, and freezes ice will not damage the wall of the reservoir in winter. During severe frosts cover him with boards and thick cloth, but with warming protection is better to remove, because the plants and fish remain long without light can’t. Don’t forget to regularly clean the surface from snow drifts.
If in the autumn to take responsibility for the preparation of a decorative pond in winter it will not require a big hassle. Moreover, You can use it as a contrast pool for relaxing in the bath, skating rink or just to admire his sleeping form.