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Kelp – brown algae, which have long been eaten by the people who lived near the sea. The edibility differ only in some of its species: laminaria saccharina and palmately dissected laminaria. They are called sea cabbage. Information about its usefulness became widely known, which explains the popularity of this product. But despite this, around kelp considerable controversy supporters that believed in her neoteleostei, and opponents who believe that the damage to health caused by it doesn’t pay get the benefit.

After the extraction of dried cabbage, as it is 80% water, but during drying the product does not lose useful properties, fully preserving all the vitamins and minerals. In the process of manufacturing kelp is minimally processed, which also does not destroy valuable substances, does not lead to their loss or collapse due to exposure to temperature.

The composition of seaweed and the main areas of its application

Laminaria has an unusual smell that repels some consumers who prefer familiar foods and decide on questionable experiments. However, her continued presence in the diet in recommended doses equivalent to the use of nutritional Supplements, because the composition of seaweed rich in mineral substances: iodine, zinc, cobalt, magnesium, sulfur, iron, manganese, and vitamins A, E, C and B. It is the undisputed leader in the amount of iodine in the composition, 100 grams provide organizational the intake of iodine, and in this form it is not excreted, what happens when absorbing it from other sources. On the contrary, it absorbed better than advertised, and expensive drugs. Continue reading

Sleep pond

It’s cold and frosty, and, of course, the owners of HOMESTEAD ponds are concerned, is properly prepared their ponds for the winter. However, if certain recommendations of your fish and other pond inhabitants can easily move even the most severe winter.

If the pond is large enough and its depth is more than 1.5 meters, then all its citizens can be safely left in place, through some measures to ensure their safety. Before freezing the water in the pond is saturated with oxygen, and the fish it would be enough for a long time. But the dead leaves of aquatic plants and the waste products of the fish will decompose in cold water and allocate detrimental to the inhabitants of the marsh gas pond.

For saturation of water with oxygen and removal of marsh gas must be cut in the ice hole and to ensure that they did not freeze. In no event it is impossible to break the ice with a hammer or other object. From the strong sound waves can hurt the fish.

To make the hole carefully and all the rules, you can use a simple way, taking a small metal container and adding hot water to gradually melt the ice. You can use the screws – a special device for ice fishing. Keep in mind that the thickness of the ice in the cold if your pond does not covered and will be 40-60 cm

During the winter as little as possible disturb the fish. At low temperatures water pond inhabitants fall into sostoianiia rest (hibernation) and are located at the bottom of the pond. The fish stops feeding and consumes less oxygen. Continue reading

Sea secrets

12. What is the jellyfish, common in the Black and Azov seas, burning like nettles? ( Kornerot, or Hrizostom .)

13. What Medusa has much more victims than any shark? ( Sea wasp – Hironex from the squad Fleckeri Jellyfish. Occurs in the Great Barrier reef of Australia. Bell diameter up to 4,5 cm Usually “stung” her people are killed in a few minutes. The sea wasp venom affects the nervous system, leads to paralysis of the heart.

15. In some cases, predatory polychaetes dangerous to humans? ( Chitinous hook, with a serrated inner edge of the jaws of carnivorous polychaetes associated with venomous glands. Polychaetes may also have parapodia with poisonous bristles. Suffer from them most often fishermen, brought out the trawl catch. At a strong poisoning there is a sharp pain and swelling in the arms, appear headache, nausea.

16. In any case, some edible bivalves can be poisonous? ( If their tissues are developing certain bacteria or accumulate toxic substances.

17. What mollusk is called the “blue death”? ( Small (20 cm, 100 g) Hapalochaena octopus maculosa, which lives in the coastal areas of the tropical zone of the Pacific and Indian oceans. In the excited state it is covered with bright blue spots. Salivary glands of octopus have venom neurotoxins acting simultaneously on the nervous and muscular system. The bite of this clam privided paralysis of the respiratory muscles . Continue reading

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