1 2 3 7

Preparing the pond for winter

You have built a pond, planted it with plants and settled there living inhabitants. All summer did observe a small world, with interest to discover something new… autumn has Come. Now we need to think about how to save water world in winter. Well, if the weather isn’t frosty, but if not? All you need to provide.

Prepare ponds for winter starts in the fall, in October. First of all, you need to thoroughly clean the ponds from organic debris (tree leaves, remains of plants, fish excrement, etc.). In winter because of low temperatures reduce the activity of bacteria that decompose these residues. The result is the siltation of the bottom, reduces the oxygen content in the water and increases the content of nitrites and ammonia. Naturally, such changes can adversely affect the inhabitants of the lake, if not to destroy them. After cleaning of organic residues, it is necessary to trim the leaves and shoots to the very root. This applies primarily to plants – oxygenators. These include the water Crowfoot, hornwort, bolotnitsa, twrch, canadian Urrutia, lagarosiphon, tilea, rest and others. The leaves of these plants die off for the winter and if they advance not removed, they will rot and pollute the water. Not only cut the cane, through the hollow stems in winter will be given carbon dioxide to enter and oxygen to simulsays and plants.

Many aquatic plants “invented” a way to survive the winter cold. In autumn they formed buds that sink to the bottom and “sleep” there in the spring. If the pond is artificial, it is desirable to cut the plants these buds and transfer them to winter indoors. This stored the buds in the spring will sprout and turn into new plants. And do it faster than if left to overwinter in the pond. Continue reading


Kelp – brown algae, which have long been eaten by the people who lived near the sea. The edibility differ only in some of its species: laminaria saccharina and palmately dissected laminaria. They are called sea cabbage. Information about its usefulness became widely known, which explains the popularity of this product. But despite this, around kelp considerable controversy supporters that believed in her neoteleostei, and opponents who believe that the damage to health caused by it doesn’t pay get the benefit.

After the extraction of dried cabbage, as it is 80% water, but during drying the product does not lose useful properties, fully preserving all the vitamins and minerals. In the process of manufacturing kelp is minimally processed, which also does not destroy valuable substances, does not lead to their loss or collapse due to exposure to temperature.

The composition of seaweed and the main areas of its application

Laminaria has an unusual smell that repels some consumers who prefer familiar foods and decide on questionable experiments. However, her continued presence in the diet in recommended doses equivalent to the use of nutritional Supplements, because the composition of seaweed rich in mineral substances: iodine, zinc, cobalt, magnesium, sulfur, iron, manganese, and vitamins A, E, C and B. It is the undisputed leader in the amount of iodine in the composition, 100 grams provide organizational the intake of iodine, and in this form it is not excreted, what happens when absorbing it from other sources. On the contrary, it absorbed better than advertised, and expensive drugs. Continue reading

Sleep pond

It’s cold and frosty, and, of course, the owners of HOMESTEAD ponds are concerned, is properly prepared their ponds for the winter. However, if certain recommendations of your fish and other pond inhabitants can easily move even the most severe winter.

If the pond is large enough and its depth is more than 1.5 meters, then all its citizens can be safely left in place, through some measures to ensure their safety. Before freezing the water in the pond is saturated with oxygen, and the fish it would be enough for a long time. But the dead leaves of aquatic plants and the waste products of the fish will decompose in cold water and allocate detrimental to the inhabitants of the marsh gas pond.

For saturation of water with oxygen and removal of marsh gas must be cut in the ice hole and to ensure that they did not freeze. In no event it is impossible to break the ice with a hammer or other object. From the strong sound waves can hurt the fish.

To make the hole carefully and all the rules, you can use a simple way, taking a small metal container and adding hot water to gradually melt the ice. You can use the screws – a special device for ice fishing. Keep in mind that the thickness of the ice in the cold if your pond does not covered and will be 40-60 cm

During the winter as little as possible disturb the fish. At low temperatures water pond inhabitants fall into sostoianiia rest (hibernation) and are located at the bottom of the pond. The fish stops feeding and consumes less oxygen. Continue reading

1 2 3 7
The construction of lakes and ponds
Lakes and large ponds are an integral part of the natural or manmade landscape. Cleaning of lakes and maintenance of appropriate water quality is an urgent problem of our time.…

Continue reading →

Fish of the Black sea
Fish of the Black sea - a total of 193 species. About all we will not speak. But some of the fish species of the Black sea is worth mentioning.…

Continue reading →

Atlantic ocean and its waters
In ancient times, 65 million years ago (the end of the age of dinosaurs), on the border between the Cretaceous and Paleogene periods, lapped the ancient Tethys ocean . which,…

Continue reading →